Buddhism in India The Edicts of King Asoka King Asoka, the third monarch of the Indian Mauryan dynasty, has come to be regarded as one of the most exemplary rulers in world history.
ParaPundit Stepping out of the box to look at events. Pakistan has banned the latest issue of Newsweek's international edition, saying an article on new interpretations of the Quran, the Islamic equivalent of the Bible, is offensive to Islam.
Note that such is the level of intolerance of many Muslim believers that the German scholar who calls himself Christoph Luxenberg has to use a pseudonym.
In the Forward the Philologos columnist indicates Christoph Luxenberg isn't the only Western scholar of Islam writing under a pseudonym.
Alexander Stille writing for The New York Times points out that Muslims can see from history that textual criticism opens up a religion to a general weakening of its power.
While scriptural interpretation may seem like a remote and innocuous activity, close textual study of Jewish and Christian scripture played no small role in loosening the Church's domination on the intellectual and cultural life of Europe, and paving the way for unfettered secular thought.
Luxenberg is the author of The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran which is considered a major work in the field. The Thesis on english language teaching in pakistan article says the English language version will be available some time this fall and I'll post an update here when it becomes available.
The Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society possibly Ibn Warriq has a brief preliminary review from when the book first came out in German. The impact on Islamic belief will be profound.
Ibn Warriq also a pseudonym briefly reviewed Luxenberg's book for The Guardian. Luxenberg tries to show that many obscurities of the Koran disappear if we read certain words as being Syriac and not Arabic.
We cannot go into the technical details of his methodology but it allows Luxenberg, to the probable horror of all Muslim males dreaming of sexual bliss in the Muslim hereafter, to conjure away the wide-eyed houris promised to the faithful in suras XLIV. Luxenberg 's new analysis, leaning on the Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian, yields "white raisins" of "crystal clarity" rather than doe-eyed, and ever willing virgins - the houris.
Luxenberg claims that the context makes it clear that it is food and drink that is being offerred, and not unsullied maidens or houris. Phenix Jr and Cornelia B. Horn of the University of St. Thomas Department of Theology have written the most scholarly and in-depth review that I found on this book.
At the time of Muhammad, Arabic was not a written language. Syro-Aramaic or Syriac was the language of written communication in the Near East from the second to the seventh centuries A. Syriac, a dialect of Aramaic, was the language of Edessa, a city-state in upper Mesopotamia.
While Edessa ceased to be a political entity, its language became the vehicle of Christianity and culture, spreading throughout Asia as far as Malabar and eastern China. It produced the richest literary expression in the Near East from the fourth century Aphrahat and Ephraem until it was replaced by Arabic in the seventh and eighth centuries.
German scholars, apparently less under the influence of Wahhabi money and political correctness, have been actively looking at the orgins of the Koran for a number of years. What's more, some of these fragments revealed small but intriguing aberrations from the standard Koranic text.
Such aberrations, though not surprising to textual historians, are troublingly at odds with the orthodox Muslim belief that the Koran as it has reached us today is quite simply the perfect, timeless, and unchanging Word of God.
As some of these articles I'm linking to point out, Muslim scholars who question Islam end up fleeing Muslim lands or being attacked. For a while Abu Zaid remained in Egypt and sought to refute the charges of apostasy, but in the face of death threats and relentless public harassment he fled with his wife from Cairo to Holland, calling the whole affair "a macabre farce.
No one will even dare to think about harming Islam again. The person who more than anyone else has shaken up Koranic studies in the past few decades is John Wansbrough, formerly of the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies. Puin is "re-reading him now" as he prepares to analyze the Yemeni fragments.
Patricia Crone says that she and Michael Cook "did not say much about the Koran in Hagarism that was not based on Wansbrough. The Daily Star of Lebanon has an interesting report on a workshop of Koranic scholars recently held in Beirut.
A professor of literature and human science at Sousse University in Tunis, Abdeljelil heads a team of scholars compiling a critical edition of the Koran.The Thesis Of English Language Teaching (ELT) haghighi shirazi type, & language proficiency on listening comprehension yamini 85 Mortaza zandi The relationship between introversion extroversion ‘ gender & the EFL proficiency of Iranian pre_university students Ghaffar tajalli.
The Faculty of Education.
Departments A-Z. Home; About. The impact of a Malaysian government sponsored ICT training programme on secondary school English language teachers' perceptions towards ICT and classroom practice. Complex, dynamic and co-adaptive systems: a study of language teachers' beliefs about EFL teaching and .
Recommended Thesis Topics/Department of English Linguistics. The teaching of tense and aspect 5. Argument structure 6.
Event structure: Péter Szűcs: 1. Finite and non-finite clauses in English and Hungarian 2. Subordinate clauses 3. Information-structure . Po r t a Li n g u a r u m 20, junio pp. Applying Communicative Approach in Teaching English as a Foreign Language: a Case Study of Pakistan sa e e d ah m a d Institute of International & Comparative Education, Northeast Normal University, China.
This collection contains a selection of recent Masters theses from the department of Linguistics and English Language. Please note that only the Title and Abstract will be available for dissertations from the current academic year.
Challenges in Teaching and Learning of English at Secondary Level Class X Teaching and learning of English in Pakistan is based on the system of grammatical patterns and there is a trend of formal and bookish language, students just produce sentence and focus on reading and writing (Nunan, What needs to be done to .