If your organisation has fewer than employees, it can publish and report voluntarily but is not obliged to do so. The snapshot date each year is: For example, businesses and charities must publish by 4 April each year.
Press release Working The gap are paid less than working men. This primer examines the evidence surrounding the gender pay gap, both in the literature and through our own data analyses.
We will begin by explaining the different ways the gap is measured, and then go deeper into the data using The gap wages for our analyses, 1 culling from extensive national and regional surveys of wages, educational attainment, and occupational employment.
One often-cited statistic comes from the Census Bureau, which looks at annual pay of full-time workers. By that measure, women are paid 80 cents for every dollar men are paid.
Another measure looks at hourly pay and does not exclude part-time workers. It finds that, relative to men, typical women are paid 83 cents on the dollar. The presence of alternative ways to measure the gap can create a misconception that data on the gender wage gap are unreliable.
However, the data on the gender wage gap are remarkably clear and unfortunately consistent about the scale of the gap. In simple terms, no matter how you measure it, there is a gap. And, different gaps answer different questions. By discussing the data and the rationale behind these seemingly contradictory measures of the wage gap, we hope to improve the discourse around the gender wage gap.
However, the adjusted gender wage gap really only narrows the analysis to the potential role of gender discrimination along one dimension: But this simple adjustment misses all of the potential differences in opportunities for men and women that affect and constrain the choices they make before they ever bargain with an employer over a wage.
While multivariate regression can be used to distill the role of discrimination in the narrowest sense, it cannot capture how discrimination affects differences in opportunity.
In short, one should have a very precise question that he or she hopes to answer using the data on the wage differences between men and women workers. We hope to provide this careful thinking in the questions we address in this primer.
How much do women make relative to men?
A typical, or median, woman working full time is paid 80 cents for every dollar a typical man working full time is paid.
When evaluated by wages per hour, a typical woman is paid 83 cents for every dollar a man is paid. There is much greater parity at the lower end of the wage distribution, likely because minimum wages and other labor market policies create a wage floor.
Asian and white women at the median actually experience the biggest gaps relative to Asian and white men, respectively. But that is due, in part, to the fact that Asian and white men make much more than black or Hispanic men. Relative to white non-Hispanic men, black and Hispanic women workers are paid only 65 cents and 58 cents on the dollar, respectively, compared with 81 cents for white, non-Hispanic women workers and 90 cents for Asian women.
Can women close the wage gap by getting more education? Women are paid less than similarly educated men at every level of education. And the wage gap tends to rise with education level.
This, again, in part likely reflects labor market policies that foster more-equal outcomes for workers in the lower tier of the wage distribution.
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The gender wage gap is a measure of what women are paid relative to men.
It is commonly calculated by dividing women’s wages by men’s wages, and this ratio is . Mandatory gender pay gap reporting. From , any organisation that has or more employees must publish and report specific figures about their gender pay gap.
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