In order to understand the current Canada-US relationship, a brief overview of the history of the relationship will be presented as well as various ways to define the relationship. This paper seeks to explain the constitutional place of the provinces in this complex relationship. The Canadian economy relies on natural resources, a matter of provincial jurisdiction.
Celebrating V-E Day in Ottawa in Torontothe capital of Ontario Once constituted as a province, Ontario proceeded to assert its economic and legislative power.
Inthe lawyer Oliver Mowat became Premier of Ontario and remained as premier until He fought for provincial rights, weakening the power of the federal government in provincial matters, usually through well-argued appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
His battles with the federal government greatly decentralized Canada, giving the provinces far more power than John A. He consolidated and expanded Ontario's educational and provincial institutions, created districts in Northern Ontario, and fought to ensure that those parts of Northwestern Ontario not historically part of Upper Canada the vast areas north and west of the Lake Superior-Hudson Bay watershed, known as the District of Keewatin would become part of Ontario, a victory embodied in the Canada Ontario Boundary Act, He also presided over the emergence of the province into the economic powerhouse of Canada.
Mowat was the creator of what is often called Empire Ontario. Beginning with Sir John A. However, population increase slowed after a large recession hit the province inthus slowing growth drastically but for only a few years. Many newly arrived immigrants and others moved west along the railway to the Prairie Provinces and British Columbia, sparsely settling Northern Ontario.
Mineral exploitation accelerated in the late 19th century, leading to the rise of important mining centres in the northeast, such as SudburyCobalt and Timmins. The province harnessed its water power to generate hydro-electric power and created the state-controlled Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, later Ontario Hydro.
The availability of cheap electric power further facilitated the development of industry. The Ford Motor Company of Canada was established in General Motors Canada was formed in The motor vehicle industry became the most lucrative industry for the Ontario economy during the 20th century.
In Julythe Conservative government of Sir James Whitney issued Regulation 17 which severely limited the availability of French-language schooling to the province's French-speaking minority.
French Canadians reacted with outrage, journalist Henri Bourassa denouncing the "Prussians of Ontario". The regulation was eventually repealed in Influenced by events in the United States, the government of Sir William Hearst introduced prohibition of alcoholic drinks in with the passing of the Ontario Temperance Act.
However, residents could distill and retain their own personal supply, and liquor producers could continue distillation and export for sale, allowing this already sizeable industry to strengthen further.
Ontario became a hotbed for the illegal smuggling of liquor and the biggest supplier into the United States, which was under complete prohibition. Prohibition in Ontario came to an end in with the establishment of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario under the government of Howard Ferguson.
The sale and consumption of liquor, wine, and beer are still controlled by some of the most extreme laws in North America to ensure that strict community standards and revenue generation from the alcohol retail monopoly are upheld.
In AprilOntario Member of Provincial Parliament Kim Craitor suggested that local brewers should be able to sell their beer in local corner stores; however, the motion was quickly rejected by Premier Dalton McGuinty.
The post- World War II period was one of exceptional prosperity and growth. Ontario has been the recipients of most immigration to Canada, largely immigrants from war-torn Europe in the s and s and following changes in federal immigration lawa massive influx of non-Europeans since the s.
From a largely ethnically British province, Ontario has rapidly become culturally very diverse.Historically, the province has used two major east-west routes, both starting from Montreal in the neighbouring province of Quebec.
The northerly route, which was pioneered by early French-speaking fur traders, travels northwest from Montreal along the Ottawa River, . Thanks to its rich geology, Canada is one of the largest mining nations in the world producing more than 60 minerals and metals.
Canada ranks in the top five countries in the global production of 13 major minerals and metals.
History of the Sovereignty Movement in Québec Written by Nadine Fabbi, Assistant Director, Canadian Studies Center (Québec is the largest province in Canada and Alaska is the largest state in the U.S.) Which of rich agricultural land, there wasn’t as much space as there might seem.
Nova Scotia and. Traditionally, five provinces (Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Manitoba) have comprised the ‘core’ recipient group with consistently below average fiscal capacities. The Canadian Oral History Reader provides a rich resource for community and university researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and independent scholars and documentarians, and serves as a springboard and reference point for global discussions about Canadian contributions to the international practice of oral history.
The city is the capital of the Province of Ontario, the most populous and industrialized province in Canada. Toronto is the commercial, financial, and industrial center of Canada.
With the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway, Toronto has become an important shipping center with modern harbor facilities.