Leisure Activities Leisure Everyone tried, as far as their means would allow, to make time for leisure activities. Possibly as much as 10 percent of the towns were given over to sports and entertainment facilities - exercise grounds, theatres and public baths.
Most collections are of manufactured commercial items, but natural objects such as birds' eggs, butterflies, rocks, and seashells can also be the subject of a collection. For some collectors, the criterion for inclusion might not be the type of object but some incidental property such as the identity of its original owner.
Some collectors are generalists with very broad criteria for inclusion, while others focus on a subtopic within their area of interest. Some collectors accumulate arbitrarily many objects that meet the thematic and quality requirements of their collection, others—called completists or completionists—aim to acquire all items in a well-defined set that can in principle be completed, and others seek a limited number of items per category e.
Some collectors maintain objects in pristine condition, while others use the items they collect. After a collectable has been purchased, its retail price no longer applies and its value is linked to what is called the secondary market.
There is no secondary market for an item unless someone is willing to buy it, and an object's value is whatever the buyer is willing to pay.
Depending on age, condition, supply, demand, and other factors, individuals, auctioneers, and secondary retailers may sell a collectable for either more or less than what they originally paid for it.
A price guide is a resource such as a book or website that lists typical selling prices. Products often become more valuable with age. The term antique generally refers to manufactured items made over years ago,  although in some fields, such as antique carsthe time frame is less stringent.
For antique furniturethe limit has traditionally been set in the s. Collectors and dealers may use the word vintage to describe older collectables that are too young to be called antiques,  including Art Deco and Art Nouveau items, Carnival and Depression glass, etc.
Items which were once everyday objects but may now be collectable, as almost all examples produced have been destroyed or discarded, are called ephemera.
Psychological aspects[ edit ] Psychological factors can play a role in both the motivation for keeping a collection and the impact it has on the collector's life. These factors can be positive or negative. The hobby of collecting often goes hand-in-hand with an interest in the objects collected and what they represent, for example collecting postcards may reflect an interest in different places and cultures.
For this reason, collecting can have educational benefits, and some collectors even become experts in their field. Maintaining a collection can be a relaxing activity that counteracts the stress of life, while providing a purposeful pursuit which prevents boredom. The hobby can lead to social connections between people with similar interests and the development of new friendships, it has also been shown to be particularly common among academics.
Collecting for most people is a choice, but for some it can be a compulsion, sharing characteristics with obsessive hoarding. When collecting is passed between generations, it might sometimes be that children have inherited symptoms of obsessive—compulsive disorder. Collecting can sometimes reflect a fear of scarcity, or of discarding something then later regretting it.
Certain patterns of collection are common among people who have lived through poverty or war. Collecting is also associated with memory by association and the need for the human brain to catalogue and organise information and give meaning to ones actions. History[ edit ] "Musei Wormiani Historia", the frontispiece from the Museum Wormianum depicting Ole Worm 's cabinet of curiosities Collecting is a practice with a very old cultural history.
In Mesopotamiacollecting practices have been noted among royalty and elites as far back as the third millennium, B. The Medici family, in Renaissance Florence, made the first effort to collect art by private patronage, this way artists could be free for the first time from the money given by the Church and Kings; this citizenship tradition continues today with the work of private art collectors.
Many of the world's popular museums —from the Metropolitan in New York City to the Thyssen in Madrid or the Franz Mayer in Mexico City—have collections formed by the generous collectors that donated them to be seen by the general public.
The collecting hobby is a modern descendant of the " cabinet of curiosities " which was common among scholars with the means and opportunities to acquire unusual items from the 16th century onwards.
Collecting engravings and other prints by those whose means did not allow them to buy original works of art also goes back many centuries. That is when collecting such items as antique china, furniture and decorative items from oriental countries becomes established.
The first price guide was the Stanley Gibbons catalogue issued in November On the Internet[ edit ] The Internet offers many resources to any collector:Explore at your leisure with a private vehicle, driver and English-speaking regardbouddhiste.com exclusive tour will allow you to customize your time ashore and explore the .
by Neda Helena Jeny, Ph.D. Even in the United States, practically everybody has heard of Pompeii—the Roman city in Italy wonderfully preserved (along with the neighboring Herculaneum) because of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which covered it with ash in 79 C.E.
Tens of thousands of Americans visit Pompeii every year.
Fourthly, of all the leisure activities in Pompeii and Herculaneum, bathing was both the most revolutionary and extravagant in nature. Though stemming from Greek origins, Baths, or Thermae, were revolutionised by the Romans, particularly in .
The culture of ancient Rome existed throughout the almost year history of the civilization of Ancient regardbouddhiste.com term refers to the culture of the Roman Republic, later the Roman Empire, which at its peak covered an area from Lowland Scotland and Morocco to the Euphrates..
Life in ancient Rome revolved around the city of Rome, its famed seven hills, and its monumental architecture such as. From the Castrocaro stronghold to the Rocca of Dozza.
Let's taking an intriguing journey in Medieval Romagna, from the stronghold of Castrocaro to the fortress in Dozza. You will depart from the Ambasciatori Hotel on an interesting tour to discover the beauty of the enchanting Vatican City and the worldwide famous Vatican Museums.
Within the small, independent state of the Vatican City there is an exceptional collection of artwork from every era.