The Environment In this paper, I will discuss several components of the good life that Aristotle lays out in his renowned work, "Nicomachean Ethics. The two most important questions to Aristotle were what is the good life and how can one achieve it. He believed happiness was dependent on virtue or a variety of conditions both physical and mental. He believed friendship, virtue and the study of the highest things where criteria of the good life.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Peter Lautner Gabriel Richardson Lear. Happy Lives and the Highest Good.
Princeton University Press, One of the major puzzles in the Nicomachean Ethics is the ambiguity of what Aristotle considers the highest good. In most of the treatise he argues that it is a life of virtues with some measure of bodily and external goods. The ambiguity prompted many scholars to claim that book 10 did not originally belong to the main body of Nicomachean Ethics.
She rejects the inclusivist interpretation, according to which happiness is a set including many or all intrinsically valuable goods.
Instead, she argues that morally virtuous action is a teleological approximation to theoretical inquiry.
This resolves the problem of how moral virtues can be constitutive elements of our final goal, which is happiness. In order to make this case firmly settled in the account of moral virtues, she examines three of them, courage, temperance, and magnanimity.
Persons acting courageously or with temperance may not understand that such actions are done for the sake of theoretical inquiry and thus are appropriate to the philosopher, who is the only agent in the position to understand the true reason for choosing virtuous actions.
This is not to say, however, that moral virtue will be subordinated to theoretical inquiry. One might be puzzled about the way a morally virtuous action can approximate to theoretical inquiry, conceived of as the highest good.
She grounds this thesis on Nicomachean Ethics 6. Both passages deal with the relationship with reference to health and medical science. The crucial difference between theoretical inquiry and practical insight lies not in the different extent of precision, because it is derived from the difference in subject matter.
The difference in subject matter reflects the Aristotelian division of sciences into theoretical, practical, and productive branches Meta. Because the subject matter is complex and empirical, generalizations in ethics are [End Page ] not true without exceptions, but only roughly true b19—22, a18— The activities of practical insight and theoretical inquiry are said to be analogous because both aim at being truthful and precise This may not amount to a structural analogy, however, only to a community of aims.
One might also say that You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Happy Lives and the Highest Good. An Essay on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (review) Peter Lautner Classical World, Volume , Number 2, Winter , pp.
. Essay on Happiness in Aristotle’s work: The Nicomachean Ethics Words 3 Pages Aristotle’s work, The Nicomachean Ethics, consists of numerous books pertaining to Aristotle’s Ethics—the ethics of the good life. In the Nicomachean Ethics', Aristotle begins to discuss ethics and the function of humans along with the fulfillment of happiness through virtue.
In Book X, Aristotle begins to explore the ideas of the contemplative life. Aristotle's search for the good is a search for the highest good, and he assumes that the highest good, Howard J., , “The Supremely Happy Life in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics”, Apeiron, 24 Gabriel Richardson, , Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Princeton: Princeton University.
Gabriel Richardson Lear presents a bold new approach to one of the enduring debates about Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: the controversy about whether it coherently argues that the best life for humans is one devoted to a single activity, namely philosophical contemplation.
Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics - Kindle edition by Gabriel Richardson Lear. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle's Nicomachean .