Mystery surrounds the parentage of Alexander, the prince born to Queen Olympias. Is his father Philip, King of Macedonia, or Nectanebo, the mysterious sorcerer who seduced the queen by trickery? One thing is certain: He grows up to fulfil this prophecy, building a mighty empire that spans from Greece and Italy to Africa and Asia.
MA Student of History Keywords: Around the twelfth century there was a change in the English concept of their territory, which explains where the legal formulation of England and Britain's inalienability—at the turn of the thirteenth century—came from.
The shift of the territorial conceptualization was due to the structural changes of the proto-state during Henry I's reign, the transformation of social identity, from being ethnic-based to territorially-politically-based, and the construction of a proto-national historic corpus that, among others, William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon elaborated.
He translated the Arthurian Myth from a mythological Breton frame in order to introduce it into the Catholic world of Medieval England.
Within this pagan context, the island was thought as a sacred being and because of this, man had no right to modify it, except for those whose right was granted by the numen.
Arthur was the only one who had this right to rule and protect the island, a bond that was sealed in his sword Caliburn. The aftermath of this endeavor eScholarship provides open access, scholarly publishing services to the University of California and delivers a dynamic research platform to scholars worldwide.
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Learn more at http: In addition, this approach serves as a conceptual model that could be adapted for the historical study of other locales. Political context and ideological reconiguration England, that from his cradle had shined arduously by the scepter of his divine power, now falls down into darkness.
She drooped along with her king, Normandy along with her duke. The former nourished the boy; the latter lost the man. He had yielded his duchy to his younger brother, William II, in exchange for resources for his expedition to Jerusalem, in what would be the First Crusade. The new monarch felt weak against the power his older brother would have once he established in his duchy.
It is important to underline that the main incentive for Henry I to write the charter was political, not ideological. This motivation is made apparent in the opening dedication: Sheriff and all his barons and faithful, both French-born and English, of any shire, greeting.
The king progressively pushed for a politico-cultural union between the Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Normand aristocracies. To support this endeavor, Henry I sought to combine Norman and Anglo-Saxon legal traditions, which he outlines in his thir- teenth point: In other words, Henry I wanted the restitution of the local tradition; he aimed to change the oppression that the kingdom, especially the Anglo-Saxon nobility, suffered during the reigns of his father and brother.
Still, in no way was the new king questioning the legitimacy of the Norman dominion, the conquest or even its nobility. Under his vision, it appears to be not an ethnic hierarchy for the simple reason that they shared the same territory.
These structural changes presented a new avenue through which to deine England as a territory and as a concept. Thus, his charter came to represent Law as superior authority, even higher than the king.
Grace as well as Justice and Law remained eternity-values not easily to be discarded, and they were co-operative at building up the continuity of the new monarchies [.
This last idea is crucial; by the time of the irst appearance of the con- cept of the Crown, the history of England written by William of Malmesbury was circulating, and Henry of Huntingdon was writing another. To be sure, the new territorial conception of patria held a feeling of almost religious devotion, something familiar to the Normans.
Several have suggested that the appropriation of English history was a method of control over the Anglo-Saxon elite.
To understand and analyze these works, it is necessary to keep in mind their conceptualizations of history itself. Spiegel explained, for medi- eval writers, the causal process was part of the divine plan; this aspect was the keystone of their historical vision.
They explained events in the context of pun- ishment for sinners and praise for the righteous.EN Medieval Literature: The Legend of King Arthur 5 Style All assignments must be typed, using a point font, either Courier, Arial or Times New Roman.
There should be one-inch margins on either side, and at the top and bottom of the page. ARTHURIAN LITERATURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES: A Collaborative History. The great Arthurian scholar Roger Sherman Loomis is the editor of this splendid page collaborative history that brings together 30 scholars in a vast survey of the entire range of the literature.
the origins of the Grail legend, the Latin Romances and Arthurian /5(4). Loomis, Roger Sherman, Reprint of the ed. published by the Modern Language Association of America, New York. "List of illuminated Arthurian mss. dated by colophons, inscriptions, and records": p. Includes bibliographical references and .
A product of the early twentieth century, it bears the hallmarks of its time and reveals at times the lack of access to many of the texts as well as a lack of knowledge of others. 17 Phillip M. Mitchell, ʻScandinavian Literatureʼ, in Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages: A Collaborative History, ed.
by Roger Sherman Loomis (Oxford. Click to increase image sizeClick to decrease image size a great glory to [their] nation, that it can recount the series of its affairs from so high an epocha, that it can boast such a long and uninterrupted succession of glorious kings; that it produced heroes in those early times of antiquity.
“King Arthur and His Round Table in the Culture of Medieval Bohemia and in Medieval Czech Literature.” The Arthur of the Germans: The Arthurian Legend in Medieval German and Dutch Literature.