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After decades of nationalistic indoctrination, most citizens self-identify as Turks regardless of ethnic background. Some of the major non-Turkish ethnic groups—the Kurds in the southeast, the Arabs in the south, the Laz of the western Black Sea coast, and the Georgians in the northeast and northwest—express double identities.
Turkey occupies Asia Minor and a small portion of Europe. Its area issquare milessquare kilometers. Militarily Ankara was less exposed and more easily defended than Istanbul. Turkey has 4, miles of coastline. The interior consists of mountains, hills, valleys, and a high central plateau.
The western coastal plains are generally more densely populated and industrial than are the central and eastern regions, except for Ankara on the central Anatolian plateau.
Physiographically, the country may be divided into five regions. The Black Sea region has a moderate climate and higher than average rainfall. It is dominated by the Pontic mountain range. The west is noted for agriculture, including grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and tobacco.
In the more humid east, the mountains leave a narrow coastal plain rarely exceeding twenty miles wide. The Black Sea peoples settled and farmed the valleys and narrow alluvial fans of the area's rivers, developing a form of steep slope agriculture to grow vegetables and fruits.
Tea, the major cash crop, did not become popular until the s. Some villagers combined gardening with transhumant pastoralism, which involves grazing small herds of sheep, goats, and cattle on the lowlands in the winter and in the high Pontic pastures in the summer.
Until recently, the rugged topography limited agriculture, and alternative land-based industries were virtually absent. Thus, many western Black Sea men sought work outside the region in the navy and merchant marine or in major cities, later returning home to retire.
While the men worked away, the women kept up the home, farmed the land, and cared for the livestock. The central Anatolian plateau region is dotted with mountains and denuded of trees.
It has a semi-arid climate with high temperatures in summer and low ones in winter. Villagers engage in animal husbandry and cultivate wheat, barley, and sugar beets.
Areas unsuited for cultivation are used to graze large herds of sheep, cattle, and goats. Eastern Anatolia is the most mountainous, remote, undeveloped, and sparsely populated region. Its elevation and cold temperatures make it less suitable for crop cultivation than the rest of Anatolia.
Historically, its people engaged predominantly in animal husbandry, especially transhumant nomadism with herds of sheep, cattle, and Turkey goats. A tribal social organization survived longer in this area among the Turkish and Kurdish peoples. The Mediterranean coastal region is lined by the Taurus Mountains.
It has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters. The eastern part, around Mersin and Adana, is known for extensive cotton production by wealthy landowners. Mersin is an important seaport and oilrefining center.
The western region is noted for citrus and banana groves. Seminomadic peoples traditionally utilized the Taurus Mountains to graze sheep, goats, cattle, and camels.The history of technology is the history of the invention of tools and techniques and is one of the categories of the history of regardbouddhiste.comlogy can refer to methods ranging from as simple as stone tools to the complex genetic engineering and information technology that has emerged since the s.
The term technology comes from the Greek word techne, meaning art and craft, and the word. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Mexican national culture slowly emerged from a process of accommodation between the indigenous cultures and the Spanish colonial domination that lasted three centuries.
Using the most recent Firefox, neither comma seperated, nor space seperated domains did work. Matching against a list of domains and putting a single host in the headers is still better security and does work properly.
2. So what exactly what the difference between sex and gender.
Well, according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), "Sex is biological; use it when the biological distinction is predominant. Gender is cultural and is the term to . Inhabited localities, communication, family roles and organization, workforce issues, biocultural ecology, high risk behavior, nutrition, pregnancy and child bearing activities, death rituals.
Concept of African Personality. Among Zambian Students: Sociological Implications – Summary of M. A. Thesis.
By. Mwizenge S. Tembo. Research fellow.